What Do You Know about TESLA?
For those who read the Stock Market Reports, and you have invested in the electric car, Tesla, you may be delighted to know that Tesla’s stock has “gone through the roof.”
According to (Reuters) – Tesla Inc shares surged on Wednesday, 2020, and the company became the first publicly listed U.S. automaker to cross $100 billion in market valuation, more than Ford Motor Co and General Motors Co combined.
Tesla was founded in July 2003, by engineers Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning, under the name of Tesla Motors. The company’s name is a tribute to engineer Nikola Tesla. Tesla Motors was joined by Elon Musk, J. B. Straubel and Ian Wright, all of whom are retroactively allowed to call themselves co-founders of the company. Musk is the current chief executive officer.(Wikipedia)
WHAT DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT TESLA? THIS IS THE QUESTION.
It might be surprising to some of my readers and to Mr. Tesla, who died penniless and deserted by most scientists, that his name is now famous. He was an emigrant to the United States and contributed much to the world as we know it today. As with any great mind, their dreams often hit roadblocks. Personal life is usually difficult, as with Albert Einstein. Einstein’s relationship with his wife led to a divorce when he drew up a plan for her to sign if she was to continue to be his wife. It said in part that she should not talk to him unless he asked to talk and to expect no intimacy. She walked out, thinking that she must have been crazy to have married him in the first place. (Another blog to come on Einstein.) For now, it is probably true to say that most genius dreamers are loners and hard to understand. Their real lives are inside their heads.
Ask any high school student, or even a college student, if they know about Tesla and they probably would have no idea of Tesla outside of a car. No, we are not talking about Tesla, the car, or the adventures in space with Elon Musk, but of a man who brought electrical history to our lives. As a teacher of history, I cringe to think what our young people may be missing…such things as the meaning of “socialism.” They may reply, “Oh, yes, I love the social media…use it everyday!” I digress.
NIKOLA TESLA : Tesla was the son of an Orthodox priest, he was from Serbia. He had a great imagination, often saying that he saw great “flashes of light” and was always fascinated by lightning and electricity. Even as a young man he believed that electricity had a type of frequency that the world didn’t understand. Sometimes looking into spiritualism, he believed that the day his mother died she said goodbye to him through a type of frequency wave. He also dreamed of taping the sun’s energy and thought of a world wireless communication. Wouldn’t he be surprised at the power of our modern day communications?
In a nutshell, As a Serbian engineer and physicist, he made dozens of breakthroughs in the production, transmission and application of electric power. He invented the first alternating current motor (AC) and developed AC generation and transmission technology. His temper may have gotten the best of him when he walked out on his first American employer, Thomas Edison, who refused to give him a fair payment.
LIFE OF NIKOLA TESLA (from history.com)
Nikola Tesla was born in 1856 in Smiljan, Croatia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. His father was a priest in the Serbian Orthodox church and his mother managed the family’s farm. In 1863 Tesla’s brother Daniel was killed in a riding accident. The shock of the loss unsettled the 7-year-old Tesla, who reported seeing visions—the first signs of his lifelong mental illnesses.
Tesla studied math and physics at the Technical University of Graz and philosophy at the University of Prague. In 1882, while on a walk, he came up with the idea for a brushless AC motor, making the first sketches of its rotating electromagnets in the sand of the path. Later that year he moved to Paris and got a job repairing direct current (DC) power plants with the Continental Edison Company. Two years later he immigrated to the United States.
Tesla arrived in New York in 1884 and was hired as an engineer at Thomas Edison’s Manhattan headquarters. He worked there for a year, impressing Edison with his diligence and ingenuity. At one point Edison told Tesla he would pay $50,000 for an improved design for his DC dynamos. After months of experimentation, Tesla presented a solution and asked for the money. Edison demurred, saying, “Tesla, you don’t understand our American humor.” Tesla quit soon after.
After an unsuccessful attempt to start his own Tesla Electric Light Company and a stint digging ditches for $2 a day, Tesla found backers to support his research into alternating current. In 1887 and 1888 he was granted more than 30 patents for his inventions and invited to address the American Institute of Electrical Engineers on his work. His lecture caught the attention of George Westinghouse, the inventor who had launched the first AC power system near Boston and was Edison’s major competitor in the “Battle of the Currents.”
Westinghouse hired Tesla, licensed the patents for his AC motor and gave him his own lab. In 1890 Edison arranged for a convicted New York murderer to be put to death in an AC-powered electric chair—a stunt designed to show how dangerous the Westinghouse standard could be. (The execution using AC power went very poorly for the man being executed…as Edison predicted.)
Buoyed by Westinghouse’s royalties, Tesla struck out on his own again. But Westinghouse was soon forced by his backers to renegotiate their contract, with Tesla relinquishing his royalty rights.
In the 1890s Tesla invented electric oscillators, meters, improved lights and the high-voltage transformer known as the Tesla coil. He also experimented with X-rays, gave short-range demonstrations of radio communication two years before Guglielmo Marconi and piloted a radio-controlled boat around a pool in Madison Square Garden. Together, Tesla and Westinghouse lit the 1891 World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago and partnered with General Electric to install AC generators at Niagara Falls creating the first modern power station.
In 1895 Tesla’s New York lab burned, destroying years’ worth of notes and equipment. Tesla relocated to Colorado Springs for two years, returning to New York in 1900. He secured backing from financier J.P Morgan and began building a global communications network centered on a giant tower at Wardenclyffe, on Long Island. But funds ran out and Morgan balked at Tesla’s grandiose schemes.
Tesla lived his last decades in a New York hotel, working on new inventions even as his energy and mental health faded. His obsession with the number three and fastidious washing were dismissed as the eccentricities of genius. He spent his final years feeding—and, he claimed, communicating with—the city’s pigeons.
Tesla died in his room on January 7, 1943. Later that year the U.S Supreme Court voided four of Marconi’s key patents, belatedly acknowledging Tesla’s innovations in radio. The AC system he championed and improved remains the global standard for power transmission.
WHAT WAS TESLA LIKE AS A REAL PERSON…OTHER THAN A GENIUS INVENTOR?
- -Tesla rarely slept, and claimed he never dozed for longer than two hours. The inventor also said he once worked for 84 hours straight without any rest, according to John O’Neil, author of the book “Prodigal Genius: The Life of Nikola Tesla (Cosimo Inc., 2006).
- Later in his life, Tesla frequented parks in New York City, often rescuing injured pigeons and nursing them back to health. A special PBS report on Tesla’s life and legacy claimed that when the inventor took up residence at the Hotel New Yorker, “he had the hotel chef prepare a special mix of seed for his pigeons, which he hoped to sell commercially.”
- Tesla was a vegetarian, but eventually limited himself to a peculiar diet of only milk, honey, bread and vegetable juices, according to Marc Seifer, author of Wizard:The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla (Citadel Press, 1996). Later in life, he was consumed by an extreme aversion to germs, and would only eat food that had been boiled, reported PBS.
- Tesla allegedly had a photographic memory, and could memorize entire books, according to Margaret Cheney, author of Tesla: Man out of time (Simon and Schuster, 2001).
- According to Seifer’s book “Wizard: The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla,” the inventor claimed that repeatedly squishing his toes helped to stimulate his brain cells. In fact, Tesla reportedly performed his toe exercises nightly, 100 times for each foot. (article by Denise Crow, Sci-Tech Editor 2014 livescience.com)
Sadly, great minds do not always get the recognition that they deserve. Part of Tesla’s life was living high and keeping company with the great minds of his day. At one point, an organization of Electrical Engineers decided to give him a special recognition for his accomplishments. He was invited to the event, but was found sitting outside feeding pigeons instead.
Many believed that he had become a “mad scientist” as he reached out with his proposed inventions to the world. He believed that he could achieve world peace as like his father, he hated war. Little did he understand that Nazi Germany had other plans. Tesla proposed to them and other countries that he had a new invention for war. He believed he could wipe out an army with lightning bolts…perhaps from the sky. Even though he hated the thoughts of war, he believed that though his work he could “link all nations for peace.” In 1943, the White House scheduled a meeting to discuss what he proposed. That meeting never took place because of his death.
FUTURE WORRIES OVER TESLA RESEARCH Will Tesla’s research papers on future weapons have any effect on our lives today?
Some worried that since the U.S. had not taken possession of Tesla’s research and paper, but sent them back to his home country where he had started his research, that his ideas for the future could have gotten into the wrong hands. It seems that in 1960, the Soviets attempted to produce a Beam Weapon. Where did they get this idea? Perhaps this article may fill in the story about Tesla’s Beam Weapon:
By 1937 it was clear that war would soon break out in Europe. Frustrated in his attempts to generate interest and financing for his “peace beam,” he sent an elaborate technical paper, including diagrams, to a number of Allied nations including the United States, Canada, England, France, the Soviet Union, and Yugoslavia. Titled “New Art of Projecting Concentrated Non-Dispersive Energy Through Natural Media,” the paper provided the first technical description of what is today called a charged particle beam weapon.
What set Tesla’s proposal apart from the usual run of fantasy “death rays” was a unique vacuum chamber with one end open to the atmosphere. Tesla devised a unique vacuum seal by directing a high-velocity air stream at the tip of his gun to maintain “high vacua.” The necessary pumping action would be accomplished with a large Tesla turbine.
Of all the countries to receive Tesla’s proposal, the greatest interest came from the Soviet Union. In 1937 Tesla presented a plan to the Amtorg Trading Corporation, an alleged Soviet arms front in New York City. Two years later, in 1939, one stage of the plan was tested in the USSR and Tesla received a check for $25,000.
Tesla hoped that his invention would be used for purely defensive purposes, and thus would become an anti-war machine. His system required a series of power plants located along a country’s coast that would scan the skies in search of enemy aircraft. Since the beam was projected in a straight line, it was only effective for about 200 miles — the distance of the curvature of the earth.
Tesla also contemplated peacetime applications for his particle beam, one being to transmit power without wires over long distances. Another radical notion he proposed was to heat up portions of the upper atmosphere to light the sky at night — a man-made aurora borealis.
Whether Tesla’s idea was ever taken seriously is still a mater of conjecture. Most experts today consider his idea infeasible. Though, his death beam bears an uncanny resemblance to the charged-particle beam weapon developed by both the United States and the Soviet Union during the cold war.
Nonetheless, Tesla’s dream for a technological means to end war seems as impossible now as it did when he proposed the idea in the 1930s.
One of the more controversial topics involving Nikola Tesla is what became of many of his technical and scientific papers after he died in 1943. Just before his death at the height of World War II, he claimed that he had perfected his so-called “death beam.” So it was natural that the FBI and other U.S. Government agencies would be interested in any scientific ideas involving weaponry. Some were concerned that Tesla’s papers might fall into the hands of the Axis powers or the Soviets.
AFTER HIS DEATH, RELATIVES STEP IN FOR TECHNICAL PAPERS AND PAPERS DISAPPEARED:
The morning after the inventor’s death, his nephew Sava Kosanovic´ hurried to his uncle’s room at the Hotel New Yorker. He was an up-and-coming Yugoslav official with suspected connections to the communist party in his country. By the time he arrived, Tesla’s body had already been removed, and Kosanovic´ suspected that someone had already gone through his uncle’s effects. Technical papers were missing as well as a black notebook he knew Tesla kept—a notebook with several hundred pages, some of which were marked “Government.”
P. E. Foxworth, assistant director of the New York FBI office, was called in to investigate. According to Foxworth, the government was “vitally interested” in preserving Tesla’s papers. Two days after Tesla’s death, representatives of the Office of Alien Property went to his room at the New Yorker Hotel and seized all his possessions.
Dr. John G. Trump, an electrical engineer with the National Defense Research Committee of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, was called in to analyze the Tesla papers in OAP custody. Following a three-day investigation, Dr. Trump concluded:
His [Tesla’s] thoughts and efforts during at least the past 15 years were primarily of a speculative, philosophical, and somewhat promotional character often concerned with the production and wireless transmission of power; but did not include new, sound, workable principles or methods for realizing such results.
Just after World War II, there was a renewed interest in beam weapons. Copies of Tesla’s papers on particle beam weaponry were sent to Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio. An operation code-named “Project Nick” was heavily funded and placed under the command of Brigadier General L. C. Craigie to test the feasibility of Tesla’s concept. Details of the experiments were never published, and the project was apparently discontinued. But something peculiar happened. The copies of Tesla’s papers disappeared and nobody knows what happened to them.
WHAT RESEARCH FROM TESLA DID TITO or PREMIER KHRUSCHCHEV POSSESS?
In 1952, Tesla’s remaining papers and possessions were released to Sava Kosanovic´ and returned to Belgrade, Yugoslavia where a museum was created in the inventor’s honor. For many years, under Tito’s communist regime, it was extremely difficult for Western journalists and scholars to gain access to the Tesla archive in Yugoslavia; even then they were allowed to see only selected papers. This was not the case for Soviet scientists who came in delegations during the 1950s. Concerns increased in 1960 when Soviet Premier Khrushchev announced to the Supreme Soviet that “a new and fantastic weapon was in the hatching stage.”
Work on beam weapons also continued in the United States. In 1958 the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) initiated a top-secret project code-named “Seesaw” at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory to develop a charged-particle beam weapon. More than ten years and twenty-seven million dollars later, the project was abandoned “because of the projected high costs associated with implementation as well as the formidable technical problems associated with propagating a beam through very long ranges in the atmosphere.” Scientists associated with the project had no knowledge of Tesla’s papers.
In the late 1970s, there was fear that the Soviets may have achieved a technological breakthrough. Some U.S. defense analysts concluded that a large beam weapon facility was under construction near the Sino-Soviet border in Southern Russia.
PRESIDENT REAGAN ANNOUNCES PLAN:
The American response to this “technological surprise” was the Strategic Defense Initiative announced by President Ronald Reagan in 1983. Teams of government scientists were urged to “turn their great talents now to the cause of mankind and world peace, to give us the means of rendering these nuclear weapons impotent and obsolete.”
Today, after a half-century of research and billions of dollars of investment, the SDI program is generally considered a failure, and there is still no realistic means of defense against a nuclear missile attack.
For many years scientists and researchers have sought for Tesla’s missing papers with no apparent success. It is conceivable that if Nikola Tesla knew a means for accurately projecting lethal beams of energy through the atmosphere, he may have taken it to the grave with him. (from Life and Legacy Index)
EINSTEIN’S WARNING ABOUT THE FUTURE:
Since President Reagan Strategic Defense Initiative against potential nuclear attacks, much has happened since them in Research and Development. However, after decades of R&D, particle–beam weapons are still very much at the research stage. Since most of the highly technical countries would not look highly on releasing the knowledge of their possession of technology inventions, it remains to be seen if or when they will be deployed as high-performance military weapons. We pray that this will not be used by nation against nation.
Tesla may not have heard what Albert Einstein had to say about his or anyone else’s weapons of war:
“I do not know with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.” – Albert Einstein.
Most people in the world hear the news of terrible fighting, human atrocities, and wonder why the great inventions of the past have not led us into a more peaceful world?
Science should be a help, not a hindrance to this goal. Yet, with all our knowledge and brilliance, the world continues to slide down the slippery slope that may seem like complete destruction. We, the ordinary people, can only look on with amazement and continue to say our prayers to a loving God who made the universe and those of us with brilliance minds. It may be concluded that only our Creator will know how to bring us out of the messes we make or invent. The geniuses will continue to be among us with their dreams for mankind.
As Shakespeare said, ” “Be not afraid of greatness: some are born great, some achieve greatness and some have greatness thrust upon them.” (Twelfth Night)
WHAT DOES THE HOLY SCRIPTURE SAY ABOUT NOT BEING AFRAID OF WARS OR END TIMES…should our inventions be used in this way?
MATTHEW 24:6-7 And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not alarmed, for this must take place, but the end is not yet. For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in various places.
LUKE 21:36 But stay awake at all times, praying that you may have strength to escape all these things that are going to take place, and to stand before the Son of Man.”
MATTHEW 24:21-22 For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, and never will be. And if those days had not been cut short, no human being would be saved. But for the sake of the elect those days will be cut short.
REVELATION 20:7-10 And when the thousand years are ended, Satan will be released from his prison and will come out to deceive the nations that are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog**, to gather them for battle; their number is like the sand of the sea. And they marched up over the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, but fire came down from heaven and consumed them, and the devil who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur where the beast and the false prophet were, and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
2 PETER 3:3-4 Knowing this first of all, that scoffers will come in the last days with scoffing, following their own sinful desires. They will say, “Where is the promise of his coming? For ever since the fathers fell asleep, all things are continuing as they were from the beginning of creation.”
MATTHEW 24:36 “But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only.
JOHN 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.
**(Difficult passages in which scholars of the Holy Scriptures vary in their opinion of who, or what area, is the modern “Gog and Magog” countries that is in Revelation. See maps below: