N.W.BOYER…Christian Author

Posts tagged “Antiquities

The Cross…A Symbol of HOPE

It has been some time ago that the world, through their TV channels, watched the spire of the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris fall into the blazing fire and smoke below.  Yet, a cross that hung in the cathedral survived.

It may be time now to think about the power of the cross as a symbol of hope.  The cross is not a symbol of hope fo everyone. Yet it is powerful, whether they think so or not.  There may have been some who rejoiced as the cathedral burned because they wished any symbol of Christianity to be destroyed. Just as terrorists wanted the World Trade Towers to no longer be the symbol of economic power, their evil minds set out to destroy them.  Symbols, in themselves, do have power to renew our minds and thoughts to something that can become even greater. That is true of the two symbols that are written about in this blog post.  The cross being our greatest hope…not wealth, but faith.

A Cross was erected from the rubble of 9-11

In place of those fallen towers, where thousands died…Christian, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu and many others with faiths… as well as atheists and agnostics, a great new tower was built. A grand memorial to all who died and suffered that terrible day now stands deep in the belly of the new, grand building.

We remember also over 2,000 First Responders who have died or sick years afterward from illnesses that came upon them trying to reach the victims. This has led President Trump to sign the 9-11 Victims’ Fund to those still suffering.

Tragedies often bring about in the human spirit a desire to rebuild, to remember and to fight against such atrocities and those who propose them.

First Responders in front of St Paul Chapel

St. Paul Chapel became a resting place and prayer for first responders.  (Associated Press)

Instead of shocking, deliberate attacks, such as those on the World Trade Center, Pentagon or the intended attack on the White House, a few are accidental as the burning of the great Cathedral of Notre Dame.  The world was dismayed for another reason as we recognized the value of a great work of architecture that had stood for over 850 years, having taken 200 years to build. It was a prize of history, being one of the most famous Gothic cathedrals of the Middle Ages. This church was not only a symbol of Christianity but of the culture and the magnificent antiquities of France.

 

In the Cathedral of Notre Dame hung a cross, which was only exposed after the fires were put out.  Miraculously, it still hung as did some of the magnificent stained glass windows.  The French are determined to rebuild this great church and in doing so, we also can believe that it will be a revival of a great symbol of renewal, endurance, and hope.  The world needs symbols of hope and none is more powerful than the cross and the great buildings in which a cross is lovingly placed.

Recently, I saw a video of a church standing on an island in Japan. Inside was a great cross, stained glass and though the island is now almost deserted, the church still survives in an unlikely place.  Someone build it years ago and it is a symbol of their faith.

Fire ruins of the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris

For all Christians, the real symbol of hope was never burned in that terrible fire in Paris…the great cross of Christ.  That cross, shining bright, amid the ruins of the cathedral, sent the message around the world that the cross of Christ is the true symbol of hope for the world.

Yes, the cathedral will be rebuilt eventually, but the message of Christ in the cross will still shine after the burned rubble is cleared away.   The message it brings is forgiveness, a renewed life, and the promise of life eternal through Christ, the Son of God.

The message in the clearing away of the rubble of the Twin Towers in New York City is that out of the ashes rises the great Phoenix of hope, freedom, democracy and renewal. Even in that terrible attack, St. Paul’s Chapel next door to the towers was not destroyed even though the debris fell all around it.  The 1st President of the United States, George Washington, worshiped in this church.

It was not the first time, however, that this Christian church had escaped being destroyed.  In the first days of the American Revolution, the invasion of British troops sparked the Great Fire of 1776, which destroyed 432 structures in New York. The fire spread to St. Paul’s Chapel and very nearly overwhelmed it, but a bucket brigade managed to squelch the fire.  It is now named as the oldest surviving church in Manhattan.

Symbols are important in our lives.  Some are international, national, or even personal, but they are often a message of joy, inspiration or hope.

(ABC News tour video)  Important:  In order to hear sound on the video, you will have to unclick sound symbol.

https://abcn.ws/2VYew0o

 


Will We be Picking up the Pieces of History in the Future? Are we ERASING American History?

Are we erasing history?   Every generation has its conflicts…wars…inequalities and disputes.  One might even today believe that the United States of America is coming apart at the seams and will someday have to pick up the pieces of our history that are being destroyed or hidden away.

People who are part of history never have had unanimous beliefs.  Headlines may read  “The KKK and White Supremacists Fight a Race war in the U.S.” …or “Everyone Hates the Police…or “The President is an Evil Racist.”   Wait a minute…perhaps we should get a handle on things!   What exactly does our very short U.S. history tell us about dissent and civil unrest?

The news clips and internet videos show that the recent violence in Virginia appears to be made up of young people as do the worldwide clips of terrorism and unrest.  What is this saying about our future generations and public property?  Have they not learned anything from historical figures such as Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks or Mahatma Gandhi about a peaceful protest for change?

Rosa Parks sat up front

Rosa Parks rides in front of the bus for whites only

Remaining Silent

A slave owner’s comment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

non violent protest ML King

Rev. King learned peaceful march from Gandhi

 

It is true that there has been recent disputes and bloodshed over the removal of Southern, historical statues.  Most politicians and Americans condemn such violence. As much as I dislike many of the things our President says, I agree when he said, “Where does this stop?”  Will we have to rename Washington, D.C., our Capitol, because George Washington was an owner of slaves?   What will happen to Mt. Rushmore? Mount-Rushmore-National-Memorial

Some would say that the actions of removing monuments is to “sanitize history.”  Yet, according to the writings of Chris Graham, there can not be any sanitizing or rewriting history.  He is correct on that point.  History is history and should remain a lesson from which we learn.  It should not be a lesson that is erased.

As an example, what would one think if we went to Auschwitz and removed the evidence of one of the most heinous crimes in history?    Would we think that the Germans of today, who were not part of the Nazi era, would be offended and therefore the suitcases, eyeglasses, gassing buildings, ovens and Nazi signs should all be taken down?   I think we know the answer to that….No, of course not!  Would out of sight also mean out of mind?   The Jews, by the millions,  suffered as well as Christians who spoke out, gypsies, and homosexuals. If we tried to sanitize that period of history,  we could be opening up another generation to treat these same people to another Holocaust…because they had learned nothing from history?  We are also told that “those who do not remember history, will live it over again.”  This includes the generation that is not taught history.  Thankfully, we have people like Stephen Spielberg who is recording the stories of the Holocaust survivors to preserve for all times.

ct-duke-university-robert-e-lee-statue-defaced 2017

The defacing of Confederate General, Robert E.Lee statue at Duke University Chapel entrance in Durham, North Carolina in 2017. The statue was removed. No word on the prosecuting of the vandals of private property at a University which was founded by the Christian United Methodist Church.

Chris Graham says “…you can’t rewrite the history of the United States to the point of sanitizing our collective experiences to meet the demands of our 21st-century sensibilities. Slavery was literally written into our Constitution…”    (See paragraph below on the 13th Amendment)

“Even the great Thomas Jefferson, as he penned the Declaration of Independence, not even arguably the most important written document in human history, owned slaves at the time he put the words to paper and did for the remaining 50 years of his life after.  George Washington owned slaves. Abraham Lincoln demurred over the Emancipation Proclamation. Every president and Supreme Court justice and other statesmen of any significance between Washington and Jefferson and today acquiesced in the perpetuation of slavery, Jim Crow, massive resistance, housing and job discrimination, mass incarceration and disenfranchisement, dilution of voting power through political gerrymandering. We don’t have the capacity to produce enough bleach to cleanse the sins of our past, our present and the ones that we will continue to commit into the distant future. 

But our collective history is more than our collective sins. Jefferson, a slaveholder, breathed life into the concept that all men are created equal. Washington led our armies to victory in our American Revolution. Lincoln did issue the Emancipation Proclamation and prosecuted the war against rebels intent on preserving the institution of slavery to the bitter end. Women waged a decades-old battle to win the right to vote that had been denied them. We persevered through a Depression and then immediately after defeated a literal axis of fascism, and the seeds of that victory jump-started a civil rights movement that de-codified Jim Crow and thrust our nation into the modern era…”

The Civil War was fought between April 12, 1861 and May 9, 1865.  Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation (Freeing the slaves) on September 22nd, 1862. It stipulated that if the Southern states did not cease their rebellion by January 1st, 1863, then Proclamation would go into effect.

13th Amendment to the Constitution (The Abolishment of Slavery)

“Before the Civil War ended, Congress passed and sent to the states for ratification, the Thirteenth Amendment which abolished “slavery” and “involuntary servitude” and authorized Congress to enact “appropriate legislation” implementing the abolition.  The Amendment was understood to also make blacks citizens of the United States (overruling Dred Scott on that point).  The House vote to propose the Thirteenth Amendment followed the Senate vote and barely made the 2/3 majority requirement.  When the vote was announced the galleries cheered, congressmen embraced and wept, and Capitol cannons boomed a 100-gun salute.  Congressman George Julian of Indiana wrote in his diary, “I have felt, ever since the vote, as if I were in a new country.”  Ratification by the states quickly followed, and Secretary of State Seward proclaimed the Amendment adopted on December 18, 1865.
Less than a year after ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment, Congress used its newly conferred power to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1866, giving black citizens “the same right in every state…to make and enforce contracts, to sue, be parties, …to inherit, purchase, sell, and convey real and personal property; and to the full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of person and property as is enjoyed by white citizens.”  Supporters of the 1866 law argued that its guarantees constituted  “appropriate” means of “enforcing” the right of blacks not to be held in bondage.

The Thirteenth Amendment, unlike most provisions in the Constitution, is self-executing, in that it directly reaches-even without action by Congress- conduct by private individuals (slave holders).  Because of this fact, Congress’s power under the Thirteenth Amendment allows it to punish forms of private conduct when it might not be able to do so under an amendment such as the Fourteenth, which restricts the conduct of states (prohibiting states from denying equal protection of the laws or due process).”(Exploring Constitutional Conflicts)

What about the removal of Southern, historical monuments?   Many of our artistic, beautiful bronze statues are headed for the warehouses…unless they are pulverized first.  Should we take a lesson from a more recent history where ISIS, that is good at destroying antiquities and monuments with which they do not agree, bombed a 2,000-year-old temple in Syria?

Think of it.  Will we someday have scientists and archeologists sifting through the ruins or warehouses to find the antiquities of our American past?   The people of Syria are desperately trying to save every piece of their temple history, even at their own peril. They are collecting even the smallest pieces, photographing, and storing them in boxes to save for future generations.    CNN VIDEO on Syria  

-baalshamin-temple-palmyra-Syria

2,000-year-old Temple of Baalshamin, historic ruins of Palmyra, Syria, was blown up by ISIS to show their power over the people

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes, many of our nation’s founders were slave holders.  Today everyone is appalled with the history of slavery and the hate that it inspired.  It took too long to right a wrong, but finally, our government leaders decided to do something about those in bondage and the terrible road they had traveled…literally, from far away shores that they called home.slaves at Foller House 1862- Library of Congress

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yet throughout our history, people of color rose above the discrimination and sadness they encountered.   Below are a few examples of over 118 African Americans who chose to build and develop America by their inventions and expertise. The list of white inventors…or Asian or Hispanic would also be long.  However, the color of the skin made no difference.  In any case, the people who made America what it is today only tried to better it and not destroy it.  So many of the videos that show the recent violence appear to be mainly young people.  Let’s hope that they will learn about these people and our history that worked for us in building a great nation. Each of these people had a vision of their self-worth and acted upon it.

Self Respect

Gandhi promoted Peaceful Protest in India

A few African Americans from previous history and modern history:

Alexander Ashbourne biscuit cutter

Invented the biscuit cutter

George-Crum potato chip

Invented the Potato Chip

Sara Boone Ironing board

Invented the ironing board

 

  • George Washington Carver:    Discovered hundreds of uses for previously useless vegetables and fruits, principally the peanut.
  •  Sarah Boone:   Invented the ironing board,  allowing sleeves of women’s garments to be ironed more easily
  • Harold Amos:  Microbiologist    Harvard Medical School Department Chair
  • George Alcorn Edward, Jr.:  Physicist    Invented a method of fabricating X-ray spectrometer
  • Archie Alexander:  Civil Engineer  Responsible for construction of roads and bridges including the  Tidal Basin Bridge and Baltimore- Washington Parkway
  • Leonard Bailey:  Inventor of the folding bed
  • Alice Augusta Ball: chemist  Extracted chaulmoogra oil for treatment of leprosy
  • Benjamin Banneker:  Mathematician, astronomer, surveyor of Washington, D.C.
  • Janet Basher:   First African-American woman to receive a patent for a web-based software invention, LinkLine, an Equal Employment Opportunity case management and tracking software
  • David Crosthwait Jr.:  Heating, ventilation, air conditioning patents  ( 40 US patents) relating to the HVAC systems        See the entire list of 118 

Modern Day contributors to our American history:

Carl Maxie Brashear US Naby Master Diver 1970

Carl Brashear 1970 U.S. Navy Master Diver

 

Dr. Patricia Bath cataract

Dr. Patricia Bath Contributor to the success of cataract surgery

first black woman in space Mae Jemison

Mae Jennison 1st Black Woman in U.S. Space program

 

Major Merryl Tengesdal Only black woman to fly AF Elite U-2 Spy Plane

Major Meryl Tengesdal First Black woman to fly Air Force Elite U-2 Spy Plane

All of us must decide to be a part of building a better America through cooperation, non-violent discussions, and protests needed for change.  We should look to history from which to learn and from which to teach the lessons that are needed for a better tomorrow for all generations.  If we continue to tear down, destroy, promote violence that leads to death and injury or disrespect the history of our country, we will be no better than other countries that are having to pick up the pieces of their violators.  Americans…We must not be like ISIS…destroying and turning our backs on our past.  We are a young country and our monuments and statues are not thousands of years old, but they are OUR HISTORY.   Our future generations need to know about their ancestors…for good or for bad.   Disagreement does not mean DESTRUCTION. 

VIDEO:  Take a look.  Do we want to be like this?  Remember, it all started with the destruction of the FIRST statue and monument.  We must not be a part of erasing history.  

In Honor and Memory of Khaled al-Asaad, Antiquities Director, murdered by ISIS for refusing to divulge the storage of historical antiquities. (Look for another blog to come on his amazing life.)